R&D Expenditures (As % of GDP) fell to 0.142% in Kazakhstan in 2016

R&D Expenditures (As % of GDP) (%)
Telcos & Hi-Tech | Kazakhstan | May 17, 2019
$2.99
Excel Sheet

R&D expenditures as a percentage of GDP reached 0.142 % in 2016 in Kazakhstan, according to World Bank. This is 16.4 % less than in the previous year.

Historically, R&D expenditures as a percentage of GDP in Kazakhstan reached an all time high of 0.293 % in 1997 and an all time low of 0.142 % in 2016. When compared to Kazakhstan's main peers, R&D expenditures as a percentage of GDP in China amounted to 2.11 %, 0.111 % in Kyrgyzstan, 1.10 % in Russia and 0.221 % in Uzbekistan in 2016.

Kazakhstan has been ranked 71st within the group of 80 countries we follow in terms of R&D expenditures as a percentage of GDP, 6 places behind the position seen 10 years ago.

Expenditures for research and development are current and capital expenditures (both public and private) on creative work undertaken systematically to increase knowledge, including knowledge of humanity, culture, and society, and the use of knowledge for new applications.

R&D Expenditures (As % of GDP) Unit 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
China % 1.78% 1.91% 1.99% 2.02% 2.06% ...
Germany % 2.80% 2.87% 2.82% 2.87% 2.92% ...
India % 0.831% ... ... ... 0.620% ... ...
Japan % 3.24% 3.21% 3.31% 3.40% 3.28% ...
Kazakhstan % 0.153% 0.165% 0.171% 0.167% 0.170% ...
Kyrgyzstan % 0.156% 0.166% 0.149% 0.125% 0.119%
Russia % 1.01% 1.03% 1.03% 1.07% 1.10% ...
Tajikistan % 0.121% 0.114% 0.118% 0.115% 0.109%
Turkmenistan % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
USA % 2.77% 2.69% 2.72% 2.73% 2.74% ...
Uzbekistan % 0.195% 0.202% 0.197% 0.196% 0.213%