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Which Country Earns the Most Rents from Natural Resources?

Total Natural Resources Rents (As % of GDP) (%), 2018 or latest
Metals & Mining | December 31, 2020
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Based on a comparison of 169 countries in 2018, Congo ranked the highest in natural resources rents as a percentage of GDP with 54.9% followed by Iraq and Libya. On the other end of the scale was Singapore with < 0.001%, Iceland with < 0.001% and Macao with < 0.001%.

Average natural resources rents as a percentage of GDP reached 2.55% in 2018 in the World according to the National Statistical Office. This is 16.4 % more than in the previous year and -102 % less than 10 years ago.

Historically, average natural resources rents as a percentage of GDP reached an all time high of 6.14% in 1980 and an all time low of 0.900% in 1998. The average annual growth amounted to 1.81 % since 1970.

Data for more countries are available at Total Natural Resources Rents (As % of GDP) indicator page.

Total Natural Resources Rents (As % of GDP) Unit 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Angola % 35.7% 30.6% 23.4% 10.8% 10.8%
Azerbaijan % 31.5% 27.0% 23.1% 14.6% 15.4%
Brunei % 26.6% 22.5% 22.0% 19.5% 15.2%
Congo % 56.7% 45.4% 40.0% 24.8% 20.2%
Dem. Republic of the Congo % 36.8% 37.8% 36.5% 31.2% 29.5%
East Timor % ... ... ... ... 40.4% 45.4% 56.5% 47.4% 50.5%
Equatorial Guinea % ... ... ... ... 42.4% 36.3% 30.9% 18.9% 16.1%
Iraq % ... ... ... ... ... ... 48.7% 45.7% 45.7% 35.0% 30.6%
Kuwait % 61.9% 58.3% 55.2% 38.0% 32.6%
Libya % 62.2% 52.8% 42.2% 28.4% 22.3%
Mongolia % 25.9% 24.0% 25.7% 19.4% 28.4%
Oman % 46.6% 45.0% 39.4% 24.0% 19.8%
Saudi Arabia % 48.6% 45.6% 41.2% 24.2% 20.0%
South Sudan % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 7.43% 18.2% 26.2% 11.2% 42.4% ... ...
Suriname % 34.5% 26.8% 21.0% 15.7% 26.2%