Which Country Earns the Most Rents from Natural Resources?

Total Natural Resources Rents (As % of GDP) (%), 2017 or latest
Metals & Mining | May 17, 2019
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Based on a comparison of 170 countries in 2017, Congo ranked the highest in natural resources rents as a percentage of GDP with 42.7% followed by South Sudan and Mongolia. On the other end of the scale was Iceland with < 0.001%, Singapore with < 0.001% and Macao with < 0.001%.

Average natural resources rents as a percentage of GDP reached 2.15% in 2017 in the World according to the National Statistical Office. This is 20.8 % more than in the previous year and -76.9 % less than 10 years ago.

Historically, average natural resources rents as a percentage of GDP reached an all time high of 6.18% in 1980 and an all time low of 0.904% in 1998. The average annual growth amounted to 1.48 % since 1970.

Data for more countries are available at Total Natural Resources Rents (As % of GDP) indicator page.

Total Natural Resources Rents (As % of GDP) Unit 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Congo % 59.3% 56.7% 45.4% 40.1% 25.0%
Dem. Republic of the Congo % 36.9% 36.5% 37.4% 35.4% 30.7%
East Timor % ... ... ... ... ... 50.7% 40.4% 45.4% 56.5% 47.4%
Equatorial Guinea % ... ... ... ... 41.2% 42.4% 36.2% 30.9% 19.0%
Guyana % 25.6% 27.5% 25.0% 20.7% 18.7%
Iraq % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 51.1% 48.7% 45.6% 45.6% 35.1%
Kuwait % 62.0% 62.0% 58.4% 55.1% 38.0%
Liberia % 26.0% 32.1% 35.0% 32.3% 26.1%
Libya % 46.4% 62.2% 52.7% 42.1% 28.7%
Mauritania % 47.7% 39.4% 38.3% 31.0% 20.4%
Mongolia % 45.6% 25.9% 24.0% 27.3% 20.7%
Oman % 50.0% 46.9% 45.0% 39.7% 23.9%
Saudi Arabia % 50.5% 48.6% 45.5% 41.2% 24.2%
South Sudan % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 49.5% 7.87% 22.4% 24.1% 12.2% ...
Suriname % 35.8% 34.7% 28.0% 23.6% 18.2%