Which Country Has the Most Prisoners?

Number of Prisoners (persons), 2015 or latest
Law & Crime | December 30, 2018
$2.99
Excel Sheet

Based on a comparison of 168 countries in 2015, USA ranked the highest in number of prisoners with 2,173,800 persons followed by China and Russia. On the other end of the scale was Monaco with 34.0 persons, Liechtenstein with 53.0 persons and Guinea Bissau with 92.0 persons.

Data for more countries are available at Number of Prisoners indicator page.

Number of Prisoners Unit 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Brazil persons ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 491,482 513,954 534,605 570,318 606,208
China persons ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1,623,394 1,646,593 1,656,773 1,641,931 1,680,000 ...
Colombia persons ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 75,992 84,444 100,451 113,884 120,032 ...
India persons ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 376,969 368,998 372,926 385,135 411,992
Indonesia persons ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 117,863 ... 156,446 160,061
Iran persons ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 168,516 ... 250,000 ... 226,220 ...
Mexico persons ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 186,614 188,013 213,758 207,278 218,373
Philippines persons ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 95,390 100,590 106,623 110,747
Russia persons 863,899 818,037 755,648 701,909 677,287 ...
South Africa persons ... 163,312 159,265 158,165 156,370 ...
Thailand persons ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 213,094 210,855 224,492 234,895 279,854
Turkey persons 115,920 120,194 128,253 136,638 144,098
USA persons 2,297,700 2,279,100 2,252,500 2,231,400 2,231,400
Ukraine persons ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 147,716 154,027 154,029 ... 147,112 ... ...
Vietnam persons ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 107,668 ... 113,018 130,180 ...