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Which Country Invests the Most into Research & Development?

R&D Expenditures (As % of GDP) (%), 2019 or latest
Telcos & Hi-Tech | April 1, 2022
$2.99
Excel Sheet

Based on a comparison of 101 countries in 2019, Israel ranked the highest in R&D expenditures as a percentage of GDP with 4.94% followed by South Korea and Switzerland. On the other end of the scale was Mauritania with 0.011%, Madagascar with 0.013% and Guatemala with 0.029%.

Data for more countries are available at R&D Expenditures (As % of GDP) indicator page.

R&D Expenditures (As % of GDP) Unit 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Austria % 2.95% 3.08% 3.05% 3.12% 3.05%
Belgium % 2.33% 2.37% 2.43% 2.52% 2.66% ...
China % 2.00% 2.02% 2.06% 2.10% 2.12% ...
Denmark % 2.97% 2.91% 3.05% 3.09% 3.05% ...
Finland % 3.27% 3.15% 2.87% 2.72% 2.73% ...
France % 2.24% 2.28% 2.27% 2.22% 2.20% ...
Germany % 2.84% 2.88% 2.93% 2.94% 3.07% ...
Israel % 4.10% 4.17% 4.27% 4.51% 4.82% ...
Japan % 3.31% 3.40% 3.28% 3.16% 3.21% ...
Netherlands % 1.93% 1.98% 1.98% 2.00% 1.98% ...
Norway % ... 1.65% 1.72% 1.94% 2.04% 2.10% ...
South Korea % 3.95% 4.08% 3.98% 3.99% 4.29% ...
Sweden % ... ... 3.26% 3.10% 3.22% 3.25% 3.36% ...
Switzerland % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 3.37% ... 3.37% ... ...
USA % 2.71% 2.72% 2.72% 2.76% 2.82% ...

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