Which Country Invests the Most into Research & Development?

R&D Expenditures (As % of GDP) (%), 2017 or latest
Telcos & Hi-Tech | May 17, 2019
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Excel Sheet

Based on a comparison of 103 countries in 2017, Israel ranked the highest in R&D expenditures as a percentage of GDP with 4.25% followed by South Korea and Switzerland. On the other end of the scale was Syria with 0.012%, Madagascar with 0.015% and Honduras with 0.015%.

Data for more countries are available at R&D Expenditures (As % of GDP) indicator page.

R&D Expenditures (As % of GDP) Unit 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Austria % 2.73% 2.67% 2.91% 2.95% 3.07%
Belgium % 2.05% 2.16% 2.27% 2.33% 2.39%
China % 1.71% 1.78% 1.91% 1.99% 2.02%
Denmark % 2.92% 2.94% 2.98% 2.97% 2.91%
Finland % 3.73% 3.64% 3.42% 3.29% 3.17%
France % 2.18% 2.19% 2.23% 2.24% 2.28%
Germany % 2.71% 2.80% 2.87% 2.82% 2.87%
Iceland % ... ... 2.48% ... 1.76% 2.00%
Israel % 3.94% 4.01% 4.16% 4.15% 4.20%
Japan % 3.14% 3.24% 3.21% 3.31% 3.40%
Netherlands % 1.72% 1.90% 1.94% 1.95% 2.00%
South Korea % 3.47% 3.74% 4.03% 4.15% 4.29%
Sweden % ... ... ... ... 3.22% 3.25% 3.28% 3.31% 3.15%
Switzerland % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 3.19% ... ... ...
USA % 2.74% 2.77% 2.69% 2.72% 2.73%