Which Country Produces the Most Onions?

Onion (inc. Shallot) Production (tonnes), 2018 or latest
Agriculture | March 17, 2020
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Excel Sheet

Based on a comparison of 54 countries in 2018, China ranked the highest in onion and shallot production with 941,706 tonnes followed by Mali and Niger. On the other end of the scale was Philippines with 1.00 tonnes, Brunei with 97.0 tonnes and Costa Rica with 101 tonnes.

Total onion and shallot production reached 5,488,055 tonnes in 2018 in the World according to Faostat. This is 5.98 % more than in the previous year and 11.9 % more than 10 years ago.

Historically, total onion and shallot production reached an all time high of 5,488,055 tonnes in 2018 and an all time low of 871,594 tonnes in 1961. The average annual growth amounted to 3.28 % since 1961.

The top ranked country, China, accounted for 17.2 % of onion and shallot production in the world. The top 3 countries hold a 41.4 % share while the ten largest countries some 78.5 % in 2018.

Data for more countries are available at Onion (inc. Shallot) Production indicator page.

Onion (inc. Shallot) Production Unit 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
China tonnes 820,000 830,000 838,986 886,208 902,140
Dem. People's Republic of Korea tonnes 90,000 90,000 90,307 88,919 87,648
Ecuador tonnes 90,719 91,514 94,927 96,647 95,386
Germany tonnes ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 103,648 87,183 89,245 97,913 93,828
Japan tonnes 544,100 541,400 545,300 536,000 526,900
Mali tonnes 295,465 331,711 148,174 399,515 529,413
Mexico tonnes 98,754 99,281 93,951 77,689 90,307
New Zealand tonnes 242,815 228,441 214,747 227,948 236,646
Niger tonnes 592,726 711,963 738,095 584,576 576,592
Nigeria tonnes 240,000 235,000 235,000 235,276 243,195
South Korea tonnes 356,734 430,580 462,695 399,798 409,859
Thailand tonnes ... ... ... 220,491 128,930 131,000 129,741 139,894
Tunisia tonnes 213,000 261,000 267,000 288,806 286,800
Turkey tonnes 150,928 153,478 148,255 141,691 134,479
Venezuela tonnes ... ... ... ... 38,787 47,460 53,039 62,479 55,878