Which Country Trades the Most?

Merchandise Trade (As % of GDP) (%), 2019 or latest
Economy | December 30, 2020
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Based on a comparison of 167 countries in 2019, Hong Kong ranked the highest in merchandise trade as a share of GDP with < 0.001% followed by Djibouti and Singapore. On the other end of the scale was Cuba with < 0.001%, Ethiopia with < 0.001% and USA with < 0.001%.

Average merchandise trade as a share of GDP reached < 0.001% in 2019 in the World according to the National Statistical Office. This is 3.92 % more than in the previous year and -45,808 % less than 10 years ago.

Historically, average merchandise trade as a share of GDP reached an all time high of 0.021% in 2005 and an all time low of < 0.001% in 1962. The average annual growth amounted to 1.73 % since 1960.

Data for more countries are available at Merchandise Trade (As % of GDP) indicator page.

Merchandise Trade (As % of GDP) Unit 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Belgium % < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001%
Cambodia % < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001%
Czech Republic % < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001%
Djibouti % < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001%
Hong Kong % < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001%
Hungary % < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001%
Lesotho % < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001%
Lithuania % < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001%
Macedonia % < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001%
Netherlands % < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001%
Singapore % < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001%
Slovakia % < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001%
Slovenia % < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001%
United Arab Emirates % < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001%
Vietnam % < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001% < 0.001%