Which Country Trades the Most?

Merchandise Trade (As % of GDP) (%), 2017
Economy | December 1, 2019
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Based on a comparison of 166 countries in 2017, Hong Kong ranked the highest in merchandise trade as a share of GDP with 334% followed by Singapore and Vietnam. On the other end of the scale was Sudan with 11.3%, Cuba with 13.5% and Brazil with 18.3%.

Average merchandise trade as a share of GDP reached 44.5% in 2017 in the World according to the National Statistical Office. This is 4.02 % more than in the previous year and -10.0 % less than 10 years ago.

Historically, average merchandise trade as a share of GDP reached an all time high of 51.5% in 2008 and an all time low of 16.2% in 1962. The average annual growth amounted to 1.71 % since 1960.

Data for more countries are available at Merchandise Trade (As % of GDP) indicator page.

Merchandise Trade (As % of GDP) Unit 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Belgium % 179% 178% 177% 174% 169%
Cambodia % 125% 137% 107% 105% 121%
Czech Republic % 138% 144% 146% 158% 160%
Hong Kong % 389% 398% 420% 386% 346%
Hungary % 153% 155% 154% 154% 155%
Lesotho % 132% 133% 120% 116% 114%
Lithuania % 138% 144% 145% 137% 129%
Malaysia % 139% 135% 134% 131% 126%
Netherlands % 140% 148% 144% 142% 141%
Seychelles % 144% 148% 125% 125% 102%
Singapore % 281% 271% 257% 249% 212%
Slovakia % 163% 169% 170% 167% 169%
Slovenia % 137% 138% 140% 140% 143%
United Arab Emirates % 152% 165% 165% 154% 157%
Vietnam % 150% 147% 154% 160% 170%