Who Are the Most Indebted Countries?

Public Debt (As % of GDP) (%), 2017
Economy | December 10, 2018
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Based on a comparison of 168 countries in 2023, Japan ranked the highest in public debt as a share of GDP with 238% followed by Greece and Lebanon. On the other end of the scale was Venezuela with < 0.001%, Hong Kong with 0.056% and Liberia with 0.464%.

Data for more countries are available at Public Debt (As % of GDP) indicator page.

Public Debt (As % of GDP) Unit 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Belgium % 105% 107% 106% 106% 103%
Bhutan % 100% 96.2% 95.7% 114% 106%
Congo % 50.0% 60.3% 112% 129% 131%
Egypt % ... ... ... 84.0% 85.1% 88.5% 96.8% 103%
Eritrea % ... 127% 129% 132% 133% 131%
Greece % 178% 180% 179% 183% 182%
Italy % 129% 132% 132% 132% 132%
Jamaica % 143% 142% 123% 115% 103%
Japan % 232% 236% 231% 236% 238%
Lebanon % ... 137% 137% 141% 145% 147%
Mozambique % 53.1% 62.4% 88.1% 122% 102%
Portugal % 129% 131% 129% 130% 126%
Singapore % 102% 98.1% 101% 108% 112%
Sudan % 93.1% 83.2% 82.3% 99.5% 122%
USA % ... ... 105% 105% 105% 107% 105%