Who Are the Most Indebted Countries?

Public Debt (As % of GDP) (%), 2020
Economy | February 8, 2021
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Based on a comparison of 169 countries in 2020, Venezuela ranked the highest in public debt as a share of GDP with 8,046,262% followed by Japan and Sudan. On the other end of the scale was Macao with 0%, Hong Kong with 0.290% and Zimbabwe with 2.36%.

Data for more countries are available at Public Debt (As % of GDP) indicator page.

Public Debt (As % of GDP) Unit 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Bahrain % 44.4% 66.4% 81.3% 88.1% 95.0%
Belize % ... 79.0% 82.6% 91.3% 104% 101%
Eritrea % 137% 181% 168% 203% 186%
Greece % 180% 178% 181% 179% 185%
Italy % 135% 135% 135% 134% 135%
Japan % 236% 231% 236% 234% 237%
Lebanon % 138% 141% 146% 150% 155%
Mozambique % 64.3% 87.4% 120% 102% 106%
Portugal % 133% 131% 132% 126% 122%
Singapore % 97.8% 102% 107% 108% 110%
Spain % 101% 99.3% 99.2% 98.6% 97.6%
Sudan % 67.8% 66.5% 58.6% 159% 187%
Suriname % 27.2% 44.3% 76.9% 78.0% 75.6%
USA % ... 105% 105% 107% 106% 107%
Venezuela % 25.1% 11.0% 5.05% 26.0% 181%