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Shake Shack

Shake Shack's net profit rose 79.5% yoy to USD -8.66 mil in 2021

By Helgi Analytics - May 11, 2022

Shake Shack made a net profit of USD -8.66 mil with revenues of USD 740 mil in 2021, up by 79.5% and up by 41.5%, r...

Shake Shack's price/earnings (P/E) fell 328% yoy to -319 in 2021

By Helgi Analytics - May 11, 2022

Shake Shack stock traded at USD 70.1 per share at the end 2021 translating into a market capitalization of USD 2,949 mil. Since t...

Shake Shack's Capital Expenditures fell 47.0% yoy to USD 101 mil in 2021

By Helgi Analytics - May 11, 2022

Shake Shack invested a total of USD 101 mil in 2021, up 47% compared to the previous year. Historically, between 2012 - ...

Profit Statement 2019 2020 2021
Sales USD mil 595 523 740
Gross Profit USD mil 148 87.9 144
EBITDA USD mil 106 49.8 94.0
EBIT USD mil 25.7 -43.9 -15.9
Financing Cost USD mil 0.434 0.815 1.58
Pre-Tax Profit USD mil 27.5 -45.5 -17.3
Net Profit USD mil 19.8 -42.2 -8.66
Dividends USD mil 0 0 0
Balance Sheet 2019 2020 2021
Total Assets USD mil 968 1,145 1,458
Non-Current Assets USD mil 881 942 1,048
Current Assets USD mil 87.7 203 410
Working Capital USD mil -2.11 -11.1 -2.44
Shareholders' Equity USD mil 322 434 436
Liabilities USD mil 646 711 1,022
Total Debt USD mil 354 392 693
Net Debt USD mil 280 208 310
Ratios 2019 2020 2021
ROE % 6.66 -11.1 -1.99
ROCE % 2.86 -4.66 -0.876
Gross Margin % 24.9 16.8 19.5
EBITDA Margin % 17.9 9.53 12.7
EBIT Margin % 4.32 -8.39 -2.14
Net Margin % 3.33 -8.06 -1.17
Net Debt/EBITDA 2.64 4.18 3.30
Net Debt/Equity % 87.0 48.0 71.3
Cost of Financing % 0.239 0.219 0.291
Valuation 2019 2020 2021
Market Capitalisation USD mil 2,252 3,536 2,949
Enterprise Value (EV) USD mil 2,532 3,745 3,260
Number Of Shares mil 32.3 37.1 39.1
Share Price USD 60.0 84.9 70.1
EV/EBITDA 23.9 75.1 34.7
EV/Sales 4.26 7.16 4.41
Price/Earnings (P/E) 98.3 -74.4 -319
Price/Book Value (P/BV) 6.00 7.25 6.29
Dividend Yield % 0 0 0

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overview Unit 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
income statement                                              
Sales USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       191 268 359 459 595                
Gross Profit USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       60.2 82.4 105 127 148                
EBIT USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       6.75 27.8 33.8 31.7 25.7                
Net Profit USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       -8.78 12.4 -0.320 15.2 19.8                
                                                 
ROE % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...     -10.3 6.95 -0.150 6.10 6.66                
EBIT Margin % ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       3.54 10.4 9.42 6.90 4.32                
Net Margin % ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       -4.60 4.64 -0.089 3.30 3.33                
Employees ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...   2,215 3,521 4,440 6,101 7,603     ... ... ... ... ... ...
balance sheet                                              
Total Assets USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       380 538 471 611 968                
Non-Current Assets USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       301 454 377 509 881                
Current Assets USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       78.9 83.9 93.2 101 87.7                
                                                 
Shareholders' Equity USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       157 201 224 273 322                
Liabilities USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       223 337 246 337 646                
Non-Current Liabilities USD mil                     199 305 212 277 547                
Current Liabilities USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       24.0 31.7 34.0 59.9 99.4                
                                                 
Net Debt/EBITDA ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       -4.16 -1.53 -1.44 -1.28 2.64                
Net Debt/Equity % ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       -44.9 -32.1 -35.6 -28.4 87.0                
Cost of Financing % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...     1.99 8.01 24.0 35.1 0.239                
cash flow                                              
Total Cash From Operations USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       41.3 54.3 70.9 85.4 89.9                
Total Cash From Investing USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       -34.5 -115 -61.9 -86.6 -80.7                
Total Cash From Financing USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       61.4 1.23 0.965 4.45 3.18                
Net Change In Cash USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       68.2 -59.2 9.90 3.24 12.3                
valuation                                              
Market Capitalisation USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1,449 1,341 1,631 1,602 2,252                
Enterprise Value (EV) USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1,378 1,276 1,551 1,524 2,532                
Number Of Shares mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...   13.6 23.4 25.9 29.2 32.3                
Share Price USD ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 40.0 36.8 44.3 43.2 60.0                
Price/Earnings (P/E) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... -61.5 69.5 -4,434 83.1 98.3                
Price/Cash Earnings (P/CE) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 376 32.0 53.7 28.5 32.1                
EV/EBITDA ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 81.2 30.2 27.9 25.1 23.9                
Price/Book Value (P/BV) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 3.46 4.29 5.11 4.61 6.00                
Dividend Yield % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 0 0 0 0 0                
income statement Unit 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
income statement                                              
Sales USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       191 268 359 459 595                
Cost of Goods & Services USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       130 186 254 333 447                
Gross Profit USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       60.2 82.4 105 127 148                
Selling, General & Admin USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       38.0 30.7 39.4 53.1 65.6     ... ... ... ... ... ...
Research & Development USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0 0 0 0 0     ... ... ... ... ... ...
Other Operating Expense USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       5.30 9.41 9.85 12.8 16.2     ... ... ... ... ... ...
Other Operating Cost (Income) USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0 0 0 0 0     ... ... ... ... ... ...
EBITDA USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       17.0 42.3 55.5 60.7 106                
Depreciation USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       10.2 14.5 21.7 29.0 40.4                
EBIT USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       6.75 27.8 33.8 31.7 25.7                
Net Financing Cost USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0.325 0.374 1.57 2.41 0.434                
Financing Cost USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0.325 0.374 1.64 2.42 0.434                
Financing Income USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0 0 0.078 0.008 0     ... ... ... ... ... ...
FX (Gain) Loss USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0 0 0 0 0     ... ... ... ... ... ...
Extraordinary Cost USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0 0 0 0 0     ... ... ... ... ... ...
Pre-Tax Profit USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       6.43 28.5 160 30.8 27.5                
Tax USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       3.30 6.35 151 8.86 3.39     ... ... ... ... ... ...
Minorities USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       11.9 9.70 9.20 6.77 4.30     ... ... ... ... ... ...
Net Profit USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       -8.78 12.4 -0.320 15.2 19.8                
Net Profit Avail. to Common USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       -8.78 12.4 -0.320 15.2 19.8                
Dividends USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0 0 0 0 0                
growth rates                                              
Total Revenue Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...     60.8 40.9 33.6 28.0 29.4                
Operating Cost Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...     77.1 2.09 29.9 33.8 28.8     ... ... ... ... ... ...
EBITDA Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...     89.6 149 31.2 9.36 74.8                
EBIT Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...     115 312 21.6 -6.22 -19.0                
Pre-Tax Profit Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...     131 343 463 -80.8 -10.7                
Net Profit Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...     -514 -242 -103 -4,843 30.6                
ratios                                              
ROE % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...     -10.3 6.95 -0.150 6.10 6.66                
ROA % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...     -3.79 2.71 -0.063 2.81 2.51                
ROCE % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...     -4.73 3.31 -0.077 3.43 2.86                
Gross Margin % ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       31.6 30.7 29.2 27.6 24.9                
EBITDA Margin % ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       8.91 15.8 15.5 13.2 17.9                
EBIT Margin % ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       3.54 10.4 9.42 6.90 4.32                
Net Margin % ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       -4.60 4.64 -0.089 3.30 3.33                
Payout Ratio % ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0 0 0 0 0                
Cost of Financing % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...     1.99 8.01 24.0 35.1 0.239                
Net Debt/EBITDA ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       -4.16 -1.53 -1.44 -1.28 2.64                
balance sheet Unit 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
balance sheet                                              
Cash & Cash Equivalents USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       70.8 73.6 84.5 86.9 73.6                
Receivables USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       4.22 6.01 5.64 10.5 9.97                
Inventories USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0.543 0.806 1.26 1.75 2.22                
Other ST Assets USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       3.33 3.49 1.76 1.98 1.88                
Current Assets USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       78.9 83.9 93.2 101 87.7                
Property, Plant & Equipment USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       93.0 136 187 262 589                
LT Investments & Receivables USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0 0 0 0 0                
Intangible Assets USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0 0 0 0 0                
Goodwill USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0 0 0 0 0                
Non-Current Assets USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       301 454 377 509 881                
Total Assets USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       380 538 471 611 968                
                                                 
Trade Payables USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       6.79 6.92 8.21 12.5 14.3                
Short-Term Debt USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0 9.02 4.65 9.09 45.0                
Other ST Liabilities USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       4.61 2.31 2.94 3.59 2.64                
Current Liabilities USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       24.0 31.7 34.0 59.9 99.4                
Long-Term Debt USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0.313 0 0 0 309                
Other LT Liabilities USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       198 305 212 277 238                
Non-Current Liabilities USD mil                     199 305 212 277 547                
Liabilities USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       223 337 246 337 646                
Preferred Equity and Hybrid Capital USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0 0 0 0 0                
Share Capital USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       96.3 135 153 196 244                
Treasury Stock USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...   0 0 0 0 0                
Equity Before Minority Interest USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       101 152 169 226 299                
Minority Interest USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       56.4 49.2 55.0 47.4 23.2                
Equity USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       157 201 224 273 322                
growth rates                                              
Total Asset Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...     357 41.8 -12.6 29.7 58.6                
Shareholders' Equity Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...     1,146 28.2 11.5 21.8 17.7                
Net Debt Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...     -338 -8.38 23.6 -2.65 -460                
Total Debt Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...   -99.0 2,782 -48.4 95.4 3,789                
ratios                                              
Total Debt USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0.313 9.02 4.65 9.09 354                
Net Debt USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       -70.5 -64.6 -79.9 -77.8 280                
Working Capital USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       -2.03 -0.109 -1.31 -0.195 -2.11                
Capital Employed USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       299 454 376 509 878                
Net Debt/Equity % ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       -44.9 -32.1 -35.6 -28.4 87.0                
Current Ratio ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       3.29 2.65 2.74 1.69 0.882                
Quick Ratio ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       3.13 2.51 2.65 1.62 0.841                
cash flow Unit 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
cash flow                                              
Net Profit USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       -8.78 12.4 -0.320 15.2 19.8                
Depreciation USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       10.2 14.5 21.7 29.0 40.4                
Non-Cash Items USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       33.6 16.6 36.5 20.0 2.91                
Change in Working Capital USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       6.20 10.8 13.0 21.2 26.7                
Total Cash From Operations USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       41.3 54.3 70.9 85.4 89.9                
                                                 
Capital Expenditures USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       -32.1 -54.4 -61.5 -87.5 -107                
Net Change in LT Investment USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       -2.40 -60.3 -0.410 0.921 25.8     ... ... ... ... ... ...
Net Cash From Acquisitions USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0 0 0 0 0     ... ... ... ... ... ...
Other Investing Activities USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0 0 0 0 0                
Total Cash From Investing USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       -34.5 -115 -61.9 -86.6 -80.7                
                                                 
Dividends Paid USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0 0 0 0 0                
Issuance Of Shares USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       105 3.23 7.27 4.52 7.81                
Issuance Of Debt USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       -32.0 -0.313 0 0 -1.93                
Other Financing Activities USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       -11.2 -1.68 -6.31 -0.071 -2.70     ... ... ... ... ... ...
Total Cash From Financing USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       61.4 1.23 0.965 4.45 3.18                
                                                 
Effect of FX Rates USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0 0 0 0 0     ... ... ... ... ... ...
Net Change In Cash USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       68.2 -59.2 9.90 3.24 12.3                
ratios                                              
Days Sales Outstanding days ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       8.08 8.17 5.74 8.36 6.12                
Days Sales Of Inventory days ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       1.52 1.58 1.81 1.92 1.82                
Days Payable Outstanding days ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       19.0 13.6 11.8 13.7 11.7                
Cash Conversion Cycle days ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       -9.41 -3.83 -4.25 -3.40 -3.75                
Cash Earnings USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       1.45 26.9 21.4 44.2 60.2                
Free Cash Flow USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       6.74 -60.5 8.94 -1.21 9.17                
Capital Expenditures (As % of Sales) % ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       16.9 20.3 17.1 19.1 17.9                
other ratios Unit 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
                                               
Employees ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...   2,215 3,521 4,440 6,101 7,603     ... ... ... ... ... ...
Operating Cost (As % of Sales) % ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       28.1 20.3 19.8 20.7 20.6     ... ... ... ... ... ...
Research & Development (As % of Sales) % ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       0 0 0 0 0     ... ... ... ... ... ...
Effective Tax Rate % ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       51.4 22.3 94.5 28.8 12.3     ... ... ... ... ... ...
Total Revenue Growth (5-year average) % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 44.5 41.0 38.1                
Total Revenue Growth (10-year average) % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...            
valuation Unit 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
                                               
Market Capitalisation USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1,449 1,341 1,631 1,602 2,252                
Enterprise Value (EV) USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1,378 1,276 1,551 1,524 2,532                
Number Of Shares mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...   13.6 23.4 25.9 29.2 32.3                
Share Price USD ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 40.0 36.8 44.3 43.2 60.0                
EV/EBITDA ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 81.2 30.2 27.9 25.1 23.9                
Price/Earnings (P/E) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... -61.5 69.5 -4,434 83.1 98.3                
Price/Cash Earnings (P/CE) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 376 32.0 53.7 28.5 32.1                
P/FCF ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 80.5 -14.3 128 -1,043 211                
Price/Book Value (P/BV) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 3.46 4.29 5.11 4.61 6.00                
Dividend Yield % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 0 0 0 0 0                
Free Cash Flow Yield % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 0.466 -4.51 0.548 -0.075 0.407                
Earnings Per Share (EPS) USD ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...   -0.650 0.530 -0.010 0.520 0.610                
Cash Earnings Per Share USD ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...   0.106 1.15 0.826 1.51 1.87                
Free Cash Flow Per Share USD ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...   0.496 -2.58 0.345 -0.041 0.284                
Book Value Per Share USD ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...   11.6 8.59 8.68 9.37 9.98                
Dividend Per Share USD ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...   0 0 0 0 0                
EV/Sales ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 7.23 4.75 4.32 3.32 4.26                
EV/EBIT ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 204 45.9 45.9 48.1 98.6                
EV/Free Cash Flow ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 204 -21.1 174 -1,261 276                
EV/Capital Employed ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 4.62 2.81 4.12 2.99 2.88                
Earnings Per Share Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... -1,029 -182 -102 -5,300 17.3                
Cash Earnings Per Share Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... -59.6 980 -28.1 83.2 23.3                
Book Value Per Share Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 2,663 -25.7 1.03 8.03 6.53                

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Shake Shack's P/FCF rose 67.8% yoy to -31.7 in 2021

By Helgi Analytics - May 11, 2022

Shake Shack stock traded at USD 70.1 per share at the end 2021 translating into a market capitalization of USD 2,949 mil. Since the end of 2016, the stock has appreciated by 90.4% representing an annual average growth of 13.7%. At the end of 2021, the fi...

Shake Shack's Net Debt/EBITDA fell 21.1% yoy to 3.30 in 2021

By Helgi Analytics - May 11, 2022

Shake Shack's net debt stood at USD 310 mil and accounted for 71.3% of equity at the end of 2021. The ratio is up 23.3 pp compared to the previous year. Historically, the firm’s net debt to equity reached a high of 235% in 2014 and a low of -...

Shake Shack's ROCE rose 81.2% yoy to -0.876% in 2021

By Helgi Analytics - May 11, 2022

Shake Shack made a net profit of USD -8.66 mil in 2021, up 79.5% compared to the previous year. Historically, between 2012 and 2021, the company's net profit reached a high of USD 19.8 mil in 2019 and a low of USD -42.2 mil in 2020. The result implies a r...

Shake Shack's Net Margin rose 85.5% yoy to -1.17% in 2021

By Helgi Analytics - May 11, 2022

Shake Shack made a net profit of USD -8.66 mil with revenues of USD 740 mil in 2021, up by 79.5% and up by 41.5%, respectively, compared to the previous year. This translates into a net margin of -1.17%. Historically, between 2012 and 2021, the firm...

Shake Shack's Share Price fell 17.4% yoy to USD 70.1 in 2021

By Helgi Analytics - May 11, 2022

Shake Shack stock traded at USD 70.1 per share at the end 2021 implying a market capitalization of USD 2,949 mil. Since the end of 2016, stock has appreciated by 90.4% implying an annual average growth of 13.7% In absolute terms, the value of the company ...

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Finance

Shake Shack has been growing its sales by 13.8% a year on average in the last 5 years. EBITDA has grown on average by 26.9% a year during that time to total of USD 233 mil in 2027, or 12.9% of sales. That’s compared to 11.4% average margin seen in last five years.

The company netted USD 82.5 mil in 2027 implying ROE of 13.2% and ROCE of 6.92%. Again, the average figures were 9.39% and 4.32%, respectively when looking at the previous 5 years.

Shake Shack’s net debt amounted to USD 560 mil at the end of 2027, or 84.3% of equity. When compared to EBITDA, net debt was 2.40x, down when compared to average of 2.44x seen in the last 5 years.

Valuation

Shake Shack stock traded at USD 48.0 per share at the end of 2027 resulting in a market capitalization of USD 1,876 mil. Over the previous five years, stock price grew by 0% or 0% a year on average. The closing price put stock at a 12-month trailing EV/EBITDA of 10.5x and price to earnings (PE) of 22.7x as of 2027.