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Gross Capital Formation (As % of GDP) in India

Source: World Bank, IMF estimates (Oct 2020), Helgi Library
Last Updated: Feb 8, 2021

Gross capital formation as a share of GDP reached 27.8 % in 2020 in India, according to the National Statistical Office. This is 6.39 % less than in the previous year.

Historically, gross capital formation as a share of GDP in India reached an all time high of 39.6 % in 2011 and an all time low of 14.4 % in 1968. When compared to India's main peers, gross capital formation as a share of GDP in Bangladesh amounted to 27.7 %, 43.9 % in China, 15.4 % in Pakistan and 24.4 % in Sri Lanka in 2020.

India has been ranked 33rd within the group of 163 countries we follow in terms of gross capital formation as a share of GDP, 16 places behind the position seen 10 years ago.

Measures the value of acquisitions of new or existing fixed assets by the business sector, governments and "pure" households (excluding their unincorporated enterprises), less disposals of fixed assets.

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