Military expenditure as a share of GDP reached 1.97 % in 2017 in Romania, according to the SIPRI Military Expenditure Database. This is 39.8 % more than in the previous year.
Historically, military expenditure as a share of GDP in Romania reached an all time high of 4.80 % in 1989 and an all time low of 1.22 % in 2012. When compared to Romania's main peers, military expenditure as a share of GDP in Bulgaria amounted to 1.55 %, 1.05 % in Hungary, 0.421 % in Moldova and 3.41 % in Ukraine in 2017.
Romania has been ranked 51st within the group of 146 countries we follow in terms of military expenditure as a share of GDP, 31 places above the position seen 10 years ago.
Military expenditure is derived from the NATO definition, which includes all current and capital expenditure on the armed forces, including peacekeeping forces, defence ministries and other government agencies engaged in defence projects, paramilitary forces, if these are judged to be trained and equipped for military operations, and military space activities.