Official Capacity of Adult Prisons, Penal or Correctional Institutions

Based on a comparison of 57 countries in 2012, USA ranked the highest in official capacity of adult prisons, penal or correctional institutions with 2,178,000 followed by Russia and Brazil. On the other end of the scale was Iceland with 141, Malta with 613 and Luxembourg with 711.

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Countries Unit 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Albania       3,341 3,616 4,166 4,380 4,341    
Algeria       31,500 36,530 36,530 ... 62,121    
Argentina ... ...   46,494 49,322 53,044 56,002 58,211    
Armenia ...     4,065 4,069 4,396 4,395 4,395    
Austria ... ...   8,455 8,560 8,560 8,556 8,565    
Azerbaijan ...     21,320 21,320 21,320 24,300 24,300    
Belarus       41,370 41,546 41,574 41,694 ... ... ...
Bosnia and Herzegovina ... ...   1,492 ... ... ... 3,044   ...
Brazil ... ... ... 242,294 275,194 296,428 294,684 298,275    
Bulgaria ...     10,954 10,177 9,333 8,948 9,306    
Canada       37,369 38,058 38,812 41,538 42,125 ... ...
Chile       26,460 31,601 34,899 35,246 35,008    
Colombia       52,414 52,555 54,777 55,042 67,965    
Croatia       3,009 3,267 3,351 3,351 3,351    
Czech Republic ...     19,202 19,250 19,471 19,210 19,825    
Denmark       4,168 4,039 3,858 4,098 4,134    
Estonia       4,353 3,808 3,880 3,621 3,637   ...
Finland       3,598 3,540 3,517 3,298 3,113    
France ... ... ... ... 49,512 50,840 53,940 55,271   ...
Georgia       11,690 ... ... ... 24,560 ... ...
Germany       79,960 80,708 79,713 78,921 77,944    
Greece ... ...   5,211 7,543 9,100 9,100 9,703    
Hungary       10,354 10,250 11,554 11,040 11,333    
Iceland       137 133 145 145 ... ...  
India ...     263,911 277,304 297,777 307,052 ... ... ...
Indonesia ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...  
Ireland       3,411 3,523 3,611 4,106 4,263    
Israel       21,144 24,086 24,073 ... ... ... ...
Italy       42,824 43,186 43,066 44,073 45,022    
Japan       73,543 79,946 82,486 85,086 84,914    
Kazakhstan ... ...   86,485 ... ... ... ... ... ...
Kenya ...     16,886 16,886 18,666 22,234 22,234    
Kyrgyzstan       21,124 14,899 14,899 ... ... ... ...
Latvia       8,820 8,823 7,650 7,650 7,970 ...  
Lithuania       9,519 8,787 8,787 8,787 9,086    
Luxembourg ... ... ... 711 711 711 711 711   ...
Macedonia       2,017 ... 1,632 1,869 1,969   ...
Malta       444 444 480 513 550    
Mexico       171,488 ... ... 173,060 181,876    
Moldova       10,570 10,440 9,141 9,250 8,580   ...
Mongolia ... ...   5,215 5,713 6,841 5,069 5,866   ...
Montenegro       894 950 1,264 1,006 1,050    
Morocco ... ...   25,696 ... ... ... ... ... ...
Netherlands ... ...   14,963 15,288 14,555 13,702 12,633    
New Zealand ... ...   8,204 8,875 9,131 9,131 10,077    
Norway       3,467 3,573 3,574 3,582 3,826    
Peru       21,226 22,478 23,738 ... ... ... ...
Philippines ...     18,439 16,315 19,459 15,960 10,713    
Poland       74,562 78,883 83,112 84,118 84,852    
Portugal       12,115 12,416 12,294 11,921 11,921    
Romania       35,846 35,304 32,992 32,692 32,901    
Russia ...     938,907 939,196 935,732 928,169 922,959   ...
Serbia ... ... ... ... 6,500 6,500 6,500 6,500    
Singapore       13,876 12,645 12,645 15,564 15,564    
Slovakia       10,461 10,449 10,348 10,406 10,615    
Slovenia       1,038 1,016 1,020 1,020 1,037    
South Korea       46,240 43,100 43,100 44,430 45,930    
Spain       41,805 44,273 48,626 49,778 49,352    
Sweden       6,835 7,127 7,107 6,913 6,737    
Switzerland       6,715 6,663 6,736 6,653 6,662    
Thailand ... ...   211,992 ... ... 109,430 ... ... ...
Turkey       73,396 92,593 95,307 105,085 112,654   ...
Turkmenistan ... ...   12,582 ... ... ... ... ... ...
Ukraine       119,049 117,925 118,259 117,612 112,263   ...
United Kingdom       77,970 79,922 83,054 83,575 9,065    
USA       2,013,400 2,045,900 2,114,000 2,138,100 2,148,500