Poppy Seed Production

Based on a comparison of 14 countries in 2018, Turkey ranked the highest in poppy seed production with 26,991 tonnes followed by Czech Republic and Spain. On the other end of the scale was Macedonia with 40.0 tonnes, Netherlands with 355 tonnes and Bulgaria with 616 tonnes.

Total poppy seed production reached 76,240 tonnes in 2018 in the World according to Faostat. This is 7.80% more than in the previous year and 17.3% less than 10 years ago.

Historically, total poppy seed production reached an all time high of 107,268 tonnes in 2011 and an all time low of 20,834 tonnes in 1987. The average annual growth amounted to 0.648% since 1961.

The top ranked country, Turkey, accounted for 35.4 % of poppy seed production in the world. The top 3 countries hold a 69.5 % share while the ten largest countries some 95.5% in 2018.

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Country Unit 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Austria tonnes                                                                 1,098 1,078 1,293 1,734 2,464    
Bulgaria tonnes ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...           500 525 500 591 606    
Croatia tonnes ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                                         1,509 3,198 2,321 3,516 2,929    
Czech Republic tonnes                                                                 12,814 13,911 24,665 26,743 28,574    
Denmark tonnes                                 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
European Union tonnes                                                                 36,865 41,565 48,010 ... ... ... ...
France tonnes                                                                 6,000 6,000 6,000 6,000 5,763    
Germany tonnes                                                                 3,200 3,200 3,000 2,737 2,979    
Hungary tonnes                                                                 4,700 4,850 9,350 9,866 3,356    
India tonnes               ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Macedonia tonnes ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                                         91.0 63.0 75.0 64.0 90.0    
Netherlands tonnes                                                                 311 303 358 366 343    
Palestine tonnes ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                               2,600 2,650 2,581 ... ... ... ...
Romania tonnes                                                                 1,777 1,791 1,797 1,476 1,302    
Serbia tonnes ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...           1,000 1,000 1,000 1,015 1,039    
Slovakia tonnes ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                                       296 853 1,827 2,707 3,354    
Spain tonnes ... ... ... ...                                                         11,000 12,000 11,000 12,000 11,800    
Turkey tonnes                                                                 3,844 19,244 16,223 30,730 18,205    
World tonnes                                                                 49,801 69,625 81,041 101,085 84,237