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R&D Expenditures (As % of GDP)

Source: World Bank
Last Updated: Feb 1, 2023

Based on a comparison of 67 countries in 2021, Israel ranked the highest in R&D expenditures as a percentage of GDP with 5.14% followed by South Korea and Sweden. On the other end of the scale was Iraq with 0.032%, Tajikistan with 0.094% and Kyrgyzstan with 0.090%.


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