Despite the good trend, cancer outcomes in the Czech Republic could be improved, according to OECD's Cancer Care study from the end of 2013. According to the latest data, the five-year relative survival estimate is lower than the OECD average:
- 64.9% for cervical cancer vs. OECD average of 66.0%
- 80.7% for breast cancer vs. average of 84.2% and
- 53.4% for colorectal cancer vs.average of 61.3%.
Mortality is generally high; based on the OECD age-standardised rates, 5.1 for cervical cancer and 26.5 for breast cancer per 100,000 women and 33.0 per 100,000 population for colorectal cancer, above the OECD average of 3.7, 26.3 and 25.0, respectively in 2011.
In the Czech Republic, cancer incidence is high at 288.5 per 100,000 population above the OECD average of 260.9 in 2008, and risk factors are increasing (adult obesity is rising), smoking and alcohol consumption are among the highest in the OECD countries