Which Country Has the Biggest Public Debt?

Public Debt (USD) (USD bil), 2017
Economy | December 10, 2018
$2.99
Excel Sheet

Based on a comparison of 168 countries in 2023, USA ranked the highest in public debt with USD 20,499 bil followed by Japan and China. On the other end of the scale was Venezuela with USD 0.001 bil, Liberia with USD 0.015 bil and East Timor with USD 0.107 bil.

Data for more countries are available at Public Debt (USD) indicator page.

Public Debt (USD) Unit 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Australia USD bil 436 429 450 466 514
Belgium USD bil 534 570 518 483 496
Brazil USD bil ... ... 1,460 1,359 1,355 1,306 1,407
Canada USD bil 1,554 1,532 1,456 1,412 1,400
China USD bil 2,976 3,648 4,163 4,610 4,957
France USD bil 2,497 2,726 2,469 2,332 2,382
Germany USD bil 2,906 3,020 2,653 2,399 2,374
India USD bil 1,255 1,246 1,341 1,471 1,580
Italy USD bil 2,626 2,854 2,587 2,412 2,456
Japan USD bil 13,086 11,113 10,123 10,164 11,662
Mexico USD bil 522 571 579 618 612
South Korea USD bil 417 482 508 547 564
Spain USD bil 1,176 1,350 1,261 1,192 1,225
USA USD bil ... ... ... 16,738 17,604 18,324 19,092 19,986
United Kingdom USD bil 2,314 2,485 2,501 2,546 2,346