Renault

Profit Statement 2015 2016 2017
Sales EUR mil 45,327 51,243 58,770
Gross Profit EUR mil 14,670 10,987 12,293
EBITDA EUR mil 4,849 6,123 6,852
EBIT EUR mil 2,121 3,283 3,806
Financing Cost EUR mil -1,150 323 504
Pre-Tax Profit EUR mil 3,326 4,598 6,101
Net Profit EUR mil 2,823 3,419 5,114
Dividends EUR mil 701 916 ...
Balance Sheet 2015 2016 2017
Total Assets EUR mil 90,605 102,452 109,943
Non-Current Assets EUR mil 37,587 40,965 42,434
Current Assets EUR mil 53,018 61,487 67,509
Working Capital EUR mil 25,700 30,638 35,758
Shareholders' Equity EUR mil 28,474 30,924 33,442
Liabilities EUR mil 62,131 71,528 76,501
Total Debt EUR mil 40,590 40,984 46,796
Net Debt EUR mil 26,457 27,131 32,739
Ratios 2015 2016 2017
ROE % 10.6 11.5 15.9
ROCE % 4.66 5.07 6.83
Gross Margin % 32.4 21.4 20.9
EBITDA Margin % 10.7 11.9 11.7
EBIT Margin % 4.68 6.41 6.48
Net Margin % 6.23 6.67 8.70
Net Debt/EBITDA 5.46 4.43 4.78
Net Debt/Equity % 92.9 87.7 97.9
Cost of Financing % -3.01 0.792 1.15
Valuation 2015 2016 2017
Market Capitalisation USD mil 27,663 24,482 27,535
Enterprise Value (EV) USD mil 56,467 53,132 66,781
Number Of Shares mil 274 274 274
Share Price EUR 92.6 84.5 83.9
EV/EBITDA 10.2 8.09 8.68
EV/Sales 1.09 0.967 1.01
Price/Earnings (P/E) 8.95 6.72 4.45
Price/Book Value (P/BV) 0.892 0.750 0.687
Dividend Yield % 2.76 3.95 ...

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summary Unit 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
income statement                                            
Sales EUR mil ... ...                           42,628 41,270 40,932 41,055 45,327    
Gross Profit EUR mil ... ... ...                         13,726 12,979 13,659 13,167 14,670    
EBIT EUR mil ... ...                           1,244 183 -34.0 1,105 2,121    
Net Profit EUR mil ... ...                           2,092 1,772 586 1,890 2,823    
ROE % ... ... ... ...                       8.84 7.22 2.45 7.86 10.6    
EBIT Margin % ... ...                           2.92 0.443 -0.083 2.69 4.68    
Net Margin % ... ...                           4.91 4.29 1.43 4.60 6.23    
Employees ... ... ...                         128,322 127,086 121,807 117,395 120,136    
balance sheet                                            
Total Assets EUR mil ... ... ...                         72,934 75,414 74,992 81,551 90,605    
Non-Current Assets EUR mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               33,280 32,847 32,131 34,513 37,587    
Current Assets EUR mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               39,654 42,567 42,861 47,038 53,018    
Shareholders' Equity EUR mil ... ... ... ...                       24,567 24,547 23,214 24,898 28,474    
Liabilities EUR mil ... ... ... ...                       48,367 50,867 51,778 56,653 62,131    
Non-Current Liabilities EUR mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               9,413 10,085 10,884 11,805 9,842    
Current Liabilities EUR mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               38,954 40,782 40,894 44,848 52,289    
Net Debt/EBITDA ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                 5.61 6.26 9.45 8.22 5.46    
Net Debt/Equity % ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                 93.1 89.0 128 126 92.9    
Cost of Financing % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               -4.49 -6.44 -3.50 -2.98 -3.01    
cash flow                                            
Total Cash From Operations EUR mil ... ... ...                         3,353 3,876 3,572 3,972 6,017    
Total Cash From Investing EUR mil ... ... ...                         -2,334 -1,569 -2,724 -2,785 -3,049    
Total Cash From Financing EUR mil ... ... ...                         -2,350 -509 -12.0 -470 -1,034    
Net Change In Cash EUR mil ... ... ...                         -1,331 1,798 836 717 1,934    
valuation                                            
Market Capitalisation USD mil ... ...                           9,462 14,624 22,086 20,081 27,663    
Number Of Shares mil ... ...                           272 272 274 274 274    
Share Price EUR ... ...                           26.8 40.7 58.5 60.5 92.6    
Earnings Per Share (EPS) EUR ... ...                           7.68 6.51 2.15 6.92 10.4    
Book Value Per Share EUR ... ... ... ...                       90.2 90.1 84.7 90.8 104    
Dividend Per Share EUR ... ...                           1.24 1.84 1.84 2.02 2.56   ...
Price/Earnings (P/E) ... ...                           3.49 6.25 27.2 8.75 8.95    
Price/Book Value (P/BV) ... ... ... ...                       0.297 0.451 0.690 0.666 0.892    
Dividend Yield % ... ...                           4.63 4.53 3.14 3.35 2.76   ...
Earnings Per Share Growth % ... ... ...                         -39.5 -15.2 -67.0 222 49.6    
Book Value Per Share Growth % ... ... ... ... ...                     6.73 -0.085 -6.02 7.25 14.3    
income statement Unit 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
income statement                                            
Sales EUR mil ... ...                           42,628 41,270 40,932 41,055 45,327    
Cost of Goods & Services EUR mil ... ... ...                         28,902 28,291 27,273 27,888 30,657    
Gross Profit EUR mil ... ... ...                         13,726 12,979 13,659 13,167 14,670    
Staff Cost EUR mil ... ... ... ...                       5,857 5,801 3,169 2,711 2,728    
Other Cost EUR mil ... ... ... ...                       3,794 3,688 7,355 6,640 7,093    
EBITDA EUR mil ... ... ... ...                       4,075 3,490 3,135 3,816 4,849    
Depreciation EUR mil ... ... ... ...                       2,831 3,307 3,169 2,711 2,728    
EBIT EUR mil ... ...                           1,244 183 -34.0 1,105 2,121    
Financing Cost EUR mil ... ...                           -1,403 -2,078 -1,162 -1,029 -1,150    
Extraordinary Cost EUR mil ... ...                           0 -23.0 0 0 -55.0    
Pre-Tax Profit EUR mil ... ...                           2,647 2,284 1,128 2,134 3,326    
Tax EUR mil ... ...                           508 549 433 -136 366    
Minorities EUR mil ... ...                           47.0 -37.0 109 108 137    
Net Profit EUR mil ... ...                           2,092 1,772 586 1,890 2,823    
Dividends EUR mil ... ...                           338 502 503 555 701   ...
growth rates                                            
Total Revenue Growth % ... ... ...                         9.38 -3.19 -0.819 0.300 10.4    
Operating Cost Growth % ... ... ... ... ...                     2.27 -1.68 10.9 -11.1 5.03    
EBITDA Growth % ... ... ... ... ...                     10.0 -14.4 -10.2 21.7 27.1    
EBIT Growth % ... ... ...                         95.9 -85.3 -119 -3,350 91.9    
Pre-Tax Profit Growth % ... ... ...                         -25.4 -13.7 -50.6 89.2 55.9    
Net Profit Growth % ... ... ...                         -38.8 -15.3 -66.9 223 49.4    
ratios                                            
ROE % ... ... ... ...                       8.84 7.22 2.45 7.86 10.6    
ROCE % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...             3.95 3.25 1.08 3.39 4.66    
Gross Margin % ... ... ...                         32.2 31.4 33.4 32.1 32.4    
EBITDA Margin % ... ... ... ...                       9.56 8.46 7.66 9.29 10.7    
EBIT Margin % ... ...                           2.92 0.443 -0.083 2.69 4.68    
Net Margin % ... ...                           4.91 4.29 1.43 4.60 6.23    
Payout Ratio % ... ...                           16.2 28.3 85.8 29.4 24.8   ...
Cost of Financing % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               -4.49 -6.44 -3.50 -2.98 -3.01    
Net Debt/EBITDA ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                 5.61 6.26 9.45 8.22 5.46    
balance sheet Unit 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
balance sheet                                            
Non-Current Assets EUR mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               33,280 32,847 32,131 34,513 37,587    
Property, Plant & Equipment EUR mil ... ... ...                         11,357 11,534 10,973 10,801 11,171    
Intangible Assets EUR mil ... ... ...                         3,718 3,482 3,282 3,443 3,570    
Goodwill EUR mil ... ... ... ... ...                     246 243 222 216 ... ... ...
Current Assets EUR mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               39,654 42,567 42,861 47,038 53,018    
Inventories EUR mil ... ... ...                         4,429 3,864 3,162 3,391 4,128    
Receivables EUR mil ... ... ...                         23,175 24,374 24,620 26,975 29,867    
Cash & Cash Equivalents EUR mil ... ... ...                         8,672 11,180 3,732 4,385 14,133    
Total Assets EUR mil ... ... ...                         72,934 75,414 74,992 81,551 90,605    
Shareholders' Equity EUR mil ... ... ... ...                       24,567 24,547 23,214 24,898 28,474    
Of Which Minority Interest EUR mil ... ... ...                         481 255 377 422 482    
Liabilities EUR mil ... ... ... ...                       48,367 50,867 51,778 56,653 62,131    
Non-Current Liabilities EUR mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               9,413 10,085 10,884 11,805 9,842    
Long-Term Debt EUR mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                 6,327 6,622 7,061 7,255 5,707    
Deferred Tax Liabilities EUR mil ... ... ...                         135 123 121 141 122    
Current Liabilities EUR mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               38,954 40,782 40,894 44,848 52,289    
Short-Term Debt EUR mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                 25,226 26,399 26,290 28,501 34,883    
Trade Payables EUR mil ... ... ...                         6,202 6,558 6,171 7,094 8,295    
Provisions EUR mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               3,093 3,385 3,639 4,078 3,775    
Equity And Liabilities EUR mil ... ... ...                         72,934 75,414 74,992 81,551 90,605    
growth rates                                            
Total Asset Growth % ... ... ... ...                       4.03 3.40 -0.560 8.75 11.1    
Shareholders' Equity Growth % ... ... ... ... ...                     7.95 -0.081 -5.43 7.25 14.4    
Net Debt Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               9.05 -4.55 35.6 5.92 -15.7    
Total Debt Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               1.76 4.65 0.999 7.21 13.5    
ratios                                            
Total Debt EUR mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                 31,553 33,021 33,351 35,756 40,590    
Net Debt EUR mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                 22,881 21,841 29,619 31,371 26,457    
Working Capital EUR mil ... ... ...                         21,402 21,680 21,611 23,272 25,700    
Capital Employed EUR mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               54,682 54,527 53,742 57,785 63,287    
Net Debt/Equity % ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                 93.1 89.0 128 126 92.9    
Cost of Financing % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               -4.49 -6.44 -3.50 -2.98 -3.01    
cash flow Unit 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
cash flow                                            
Net Profit EUR mil ... ...                           2,092 1,772 586 1,890 2,823    
Depreciation EUR mil ... ... ... ...                       2,831 3,307 3,169 2,711 2,728    
Non-Cash Items EUR mil ... ... ... ...                       1,008 -925 -252 1,032 2,894    
Change in Working Capital EUR mil ... ... ... ...                       -2,578 -278 69.0 -1,661 -2,428    
Total Cash From Operations EUR mil ... ... ...                         3,353 3,876 3,572 3,972 6,017    
Capital Expenditures EUR mil ... ... ...                         -2,455 -3,176 -2,510 -2,703 -2,801    
Other Investments EUR mil ... ... ...                         121 1,607 -214 -82.0 -248    
Total Cash From Investing EUR mil ... ... ...                         -2,334 -1,569 -2,724 -2,785 -3,049    
Dividends Paid EUR mil ... ... ...                         -338 -502 -503 -555 -701   ...
Issuance Of Shares EUR mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...    
Issuance Of Debt EUR mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               545 1,468 330 2,405 4,834    
Total Cash From Financing EUR mil ... ... ...                         -2,350 -509 -12.0 -470 -1,034    
Net Change In Cash EUR mil ... ... ...                         -1,331 1,798 836 717 1,934    
ratios                                            
Days Sales Outstanding days ... ... ...                         198 216 220 240 241    
Days Sales Of Inventory days ... ... ...                         55.9 49.9 42.3 44.4 49.1    
Days Payable Outstanding days ... ... ...                         78.3 84.6 82.6 92.8 98.8    
Cash Conversion Cycle days ... ... ...                         176 181 179 191 191    
Cash Earnings EUR mil ... ... ... ...                       4,923 5,079 3,755 4,601 5,551    
Cash Earnings Per Share EUR ... ... ... ...                       18.1 18.6 13.7 16.8 20.2    
Price/Cash Earnings (P/CE) ... ... ... ...                       1.48 2.18 4.27 3.61 4.58    
Free Cash Flow EUR mil ... ... ...                         1,019 2,307 848 1,187 2,968    
Free Cash Flow Yield % ... ... ...                         15.0 20.3 5.10 7.62 12.3    
other data Unit 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
other data                                            
ROA % ... ... ...                         2.93 2.39 0.779 2.41 3.28    
Gross Margin % ... ... ...                         32.2 31.4 33.4 32.1 32.4    
Employees ... ... ...                         128,322 127,086 121,807 117,395 120,136    
Cost Per Employee USD per month ... ... ... ...                       5,288 4,884 2,878 2,481 2,169    
Cost Per Employee (Local Currency) EUR per month ... ... ... ...                       3,804 3,804 2,168 1,924 1,892    
Staff Cost (As % Of Total Cost) % ... ... ... ...                       14.2 14.1 7.74 6.79 6.31    
Effective Tax Rate % ... ...                           19.2 24.0 38.4 -6.37 11.0    
Enterprise Value (EV) USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                 39,120 43,446 62,917 58,052 56,467    
EV/EBITDA ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                 6.90 9.70 15.1 11.8 10.2    
EV/Capital Employed ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               0.552 0.604 0.849 0.830 0.820    
EV/Sales ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                 0.660 0.820 1.16 1.10 1.09    
EV/EBIT ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                 22.6 185 -1,394 40.8 23.2    
Domestic Sales EUR mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               12,431 10,894 10,004 9,836 10,154 ... ...
Capital Expenditures (As % of Sales) % ... ... ...                         5.76 7.70 6.13 6.58 6.18    
Revenues From Abroad EUR mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               30,197 30,376 30,928 31,219 35,173 ... ...
Revenues From Abroad (As % Of Total) % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               70.8 73.6 75.6 76.0 77.6 ... ...
Price Per Vehicle Sold EUR ... ...                           15,656 16,183 15,574 15,136 16,179    
EBIT Per Vehicle Sold EUR ... ...                           457 71.8 -12.9 407 757    
Net Profit Per Vehicle Sold EUR ... ...                           768 695 223 697 1,008    
Price Per Vehicle Sold (USD) USD ... ...                           21,767 20,778 20,675 19,510 18,546    
EBIT Per Vehicle Sold (USD) USD ... ...                           635 92.1 -17.2 525 868    
Net Profit Per Vehicle Sold (USD) USD ... ...                           1,068 892 296 898 1,155    
Sales From Automotive EUR mil ... ... ... ...                       38,697 37,227 38,775 38,874 43,108 ... ...
Production of Vehicles vehicles ... ... ... ...                       2,636,610 2,444,660 2,520,030 2,574,160 2,863,920 ... ...
Sales of Vehicles vehicles                               2,722,880 2,550,290 2,628,210 2,712,430 2,801,590    
Exports Of Vehicles vehicles ... ... ... ... ...                     2,033,860 1,998,970 2,080,520 2,134,830 2,194,420    
Exports (As % Of Total Vehicles Sold) % ... ... ... ... ...                     74.7 78.4 79.2 78.7 78.3    
Employees in France ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               54,823 53,203 48,550 46,365 45,579 ... ...
Sales of Renault vehicles ... ... ... ... ...                     2,261,270 2,124,770 2,131,490 2,118,840 2,170,640    
Sales of Dacia vehicles ... ... ... ... ...                     343,477 359,822 429,540 511,465 550,920    
Sales of Lada vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...    
Sales of RSM vehicles ... ... ... ... ...                     118,135 65,691 67,174 82,123 80,028    
Sales (At Home) vehicles ... ... ... ... ...                     689,022 551,314 547,693 577,601 607,173    
Sales in Brazil vehicles ... ... ... ...                       194,300 241,594 236,360 237,187 181,504    
Sales in Russia vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...             154,734 189,852 210,099 194,531 120,411    
Sales in Germany vehicles ... ... ... ... ...                     181,176 170,303 162,509 173,479 177,787    
Sales in Argentina vehicles ... ... ... ...                       106,040 118,727 141,217 84,946 79,383    
Sales in Turkey vehicles ... ... ... ...                       140,827 118,169 144,706 133,212 162,175    
Sales in Algeria vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...             75,042 113,664 111,378 91,800 90,182   ...
Sales in Iran vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...       93,578 100,783 ... ... 51,500    
Sales in Italy vehicles ... ... ... ... ...                     122,920 96,144 101,387 130,996 154,730    
Sales in Spain vehicles ... ... ... ... ...                     99,092 83,366 98,024 127,666 156,108    
Sales in South Korea vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...             109,221 59,926 60,027 80,003 80,017    
Sales in the UK vehicles ... ... ... ... ...                     88,540 56,169 77,163 109,014 128,269    
Sales in Netherlands vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ...     ... ... ... ... ...   56,525 53,745 46,040 ... ... ... ...
Sales in Morocco vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...             41,501 47,709 47,030 45,174 50,369    
Sales in Belgium + Luxembourg vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                 92,319 ... 77,353 77,303 82,374    
Sales in Romania vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...             39,592 ... ... ... ... ... ...
Sales in Poland vehicles ... ... ... ...                       30,747 ... ... ... ... ... ...
Sales in Colombia vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...             46,820 ... ... 50,362 ... ... ...
Sales in China vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...  
Sales in India vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 60,027 44,849 53,848    
Production of Twingo/Wind vehicles ... ... ... ...                       153,426 101,508 83,630 98,787 83,377    
Production of Clio vehicles ... ... ... ...                       408,068 393,228 458,302 436,658 464,453    
Production of Modus vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               48,590 31,193 ... ... ... ... ...
Production of Thalia/Symbol vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...         97,560 51,779 10,195 ... ... ... ...
Production of Logan/Sandero vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               557,551 523,723 599,517 545,727 547,412    
Production of Megane/Scenic vehicles ... ... ... ...                       468,324 377,685 278,188 255,888 238,498    
Production of Fluence/SM3/SCALA vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ...   ...               194,369 150,084 120,212 96,871 85,719    
Production of Duster vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...     190,770 287,953 323,299 336,827 297,050    
Production of Laguna vehicles ... ... ... ...                       50,241 27,703 17,902 14,322 5,921    
Production of Latitude/SM5 vehicles ... ... ... ...       ...               64,298 40,162 37,550 31,941 25,852    
Production of Koleos vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...         61,534 54,957 51,606 56,160 28,511    
Production of Espace vehicles ... ... ... ...                       14,675 12,931 7,494 6,660 27,066    
Production of SM7 vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               19,090 3,768 3,805 4,994 8,911    
Production of Vel Satis vehicles ... ... ... ... ...                   ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Production of Kangoo/Nouveau Kangoo vehicles ... ... ... ...                       188,380 195,072 172,316 140,478 152,963    
Production of Master vehicles ... ... ... ...                       119,347 117,190 108,300 124,129 135,806    
Production of Kadjar vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...    
Production of Mascott vehicles ... ... ... ...                     ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Sales of Cars vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                 2,360,140 2,213,670 2,368,090 2,368,090 2,414,500    
Sales of Commercial Vehicles vehicles ... ... ... ... ... ... ...                 362,741 336,618 323,744 344,342 387,089    

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Renault is a French automaker producing cars, vans, and in the past, autorail vehicles, trucks, tractors, vans, tanks, and also buses/coaches. Its alliance with Nissan makes it the fourth largest automotive group. Renault owns the Romanian automaker Automobile Dacia and the Korean automaker Renault Samsung Motors. The Renault Corporation was founded in 1899 by Louis Renault and his brothers Marcel and Fernand. The first Renault car, the Renault Voiturette 1CV, was sold to a friend of Louis' father after he had been given a test ride on 24 December 1898. The company's most successful cars to date are the Renault Clio and the Renault Mégane, and its core market is Europe. The company is known for its role in motor sport, and its success over the years in rallying and Formula 1. The French government owns a 15% share of Renault

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