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McDonald's

McDonald's's net profit rose 59.5% yoy to USD 7,545 mil in 2021

By Helgi Analytics - May 11, 2022

McDonald's made a net profit of USD 7,545 mil with revenues of USD 23,223 mil in 2021, up by 59.5% and up by 20.9%...

McDonald's's price/earnings (P/E) fell 19.7% yoy to 26.6 in 2021

By Helgi Analytics - May 11, 2022

McDonald's stock traded at USD 267 per share at the end 2021 translating into a market capitalization of USD 199,712 mil. Si...

McDonald's's Share Price rose 27.8% yoy to USD 267 in 2021

By Helgi Analytics - May 11, 2022

McDonald's stock traded at USD 267 per share at the end 2021 implying a market capitalization of USD 199,712 mil. Since the ...

Profit Statement 2019 2020 2021
Sales USD mil 21,364 19,208 23,223
Gross Profit USD mil 13,604 12,227 15,176
EBITDA USD mil 12,295 10,555 13,784
EBIT USD mil 9,070 7,324 10,356
Financing Cost USD mil 1,122 1,218 1,186
Pre-Tax Profit USD mil 8,018 6,141 9,128
Net Profit USD mil 6,025 4,731 7,545
Dividends USD mil 3,582 3,753 3,919
Balance Sheet 2019 2020 2021
Total Assets USD mil 47,511 52,627 53,854
Non-Current Assets USD mil 43,953 46,384 46,706
Current Assets USD mil 3,558 6,243 7,149
Working Capital USD mil 1,286 1,420 921
Shareholders' Equity USD mil -8,210 -7,825 -4,601
Liabilities USD mil 55,721 60,452 58,455
Total Debt USD mil 47,556 51,463 49,349
Net Debt USD mil 46,658 48,014 44,640
Ratios 2019 2020 2021
ROE % -83.3 -59.0 -121
ROCE % 16.0 10.2 15.8
Gross Margin % 63.7 63.7 65.3
EBITDA Margin % 57.5 55.0 59.4
EBIT Margin % 42.5 38.1 44.6
Net Margin % 28.2 24.6 32.5
Net Debt/EBITDA 3.79 4.55 3.24
Net Debt/Equity % -568 -614 -970
Cost of Financing % 2.85 2.46 2.35
Valuation 2019 2020 2021
Market Capitalisation USD mil 147,476 159,948 199,712
Enterprise Value (EV) USD mil 194,134 207,962 244,352
Number Of Shares mil 765 750 752
Share Price USD 187 209 267
EV/EBITDA 15.8 19.7 17.7
EV/Sales 9.09 10.8 10.5
Price/Earnings (P/E) 23.8 33.1 26.6
Price/Book Value (P/BV) -17.5 -20.0 -43.6
Dividend Yield % 2.52 2.42 1.97

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overview Unit 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
income statement                                                        
Sales USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       24,622 22,820 21,258 21,364 19,208              
Gross Profit USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       11,923 12,411 12,992 13,604 12,227              
EBIT USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       7,745 9,553 8,823 9,070 7,324              
Net Profit USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       4,687 5,192 5,924 6,025 4,731              
                                                           
ROE % ... ... ... ... ...                       192 -190 -124 -83.3 -59.0              
EBIT Margin % ... ... ... ... ...                       31.5 41.9 41.5 42.5 38.1              
Net Margin % ... ... ... ... ...                       19.0 22.8 27.9 28.2 24.6              
Employees ... ... ... ... ...         ... ... ... ... ...     375,000 235,000 210,000 205,000 200,000   ... ... ... ... ... ...
balance sheet                                                        
Total Assets USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       31,024 33,804 32,811 47,511 52,627              
Non-Current Assets USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       26,175 28,477 28,758 43,953 46,384              
Current Assets USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       4,849 5,327 4,053 3,558 6,243              
                                                           
Shareholders' Equity USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       -2,204 -3,268 -6,258 -8,210 -7,825              
Liabilities USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       33,228 37,072 39,070 55,721 60,452              
Non-Current Liabilities USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       29,760 34,181 36,096 52,100 54,271              
Current Liabilities USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       3,468 2,891 2,974 3,621 6,181              
                                                           
Net Debt/EBITDA ... ... ... ... ...                       2.67 2.48 2.93 3.79 4.55              
Net Debt/Equity % ... ... ... ... ...                       -1,122 -828 -483 -568 -614              
Cost of Financing % ... ... ... ... ...                       3.53 3.32 3.24 2.85 2.46   ... ... ... ... ... ...
cash flow                                                        
Total Cash From Operations USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       6,060 5,551 6,967 8,122 6,265              
Total Cash From Investing USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       -982 562 -2,455 -3,071 -1,546              
Total Cash From Financing USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       -11,262 -5,311 -5,950 -4,995 -2,249              
Net Change In Cash USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       -6,288 1,066 -1,598 32.5 2,551              
valuation                                                        
Market Capitalisation USD mil                                 99,725 136,680 136,214 147,476 159,948              
Enterprise Value (EV) USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       124,457 163,753 166,423 194,134 207,962              
Number Of Shares mil                                 861 816 786 765 750              
Share Price USD                                 107 155 164 187 209              
Price/Earnings (P/E)                                 19.7 24.4 21.8 23.8 33.1              
Price/Cash Earnings (P/CE) ... ... ... ... ...                       15.2 19.8 17.9 19.3 25.2              
EV/EBITDA ... ... ... ... ...                       13.4 15.0 16.2 15.8 19.7              
Price/Book Value (P/BV) ... ... ... ... ...                       -41.9 -38.8 -20.6 -17.5 -20.0              
Dividend Yield %                                 3.37 2.46 2.55 2.52 2.42              
income statement Unit 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
income statement                                                        
Sales USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       24,622 22,820 21,258 21,364 19,208              
Cost of Goods & Services USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       12,699 10,410 8,266 7,761 6,981              
Gross Profit USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       11,923 12,411 12,992 13,604 12,227              
Selling, General & Admin USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       2,385 2,231 2,200 2,229 2,546   ... ... ... ... ... ...
Research & Development USD mil ... ... ... ... ...   ... ... ...               0 0 0 0 0   ... ... ... ... ... ...
Other Operating Expense USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               1,794 627 1,969 2,305 2,357   ... ... ... ... ... ...
Staff Cost USD mil ... ... ... ... ...     ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Other Operating Cost (Income) USD mil ... ... ... ... ...     ... ...               0 0 0 0 0   ... ... ... ... ... ...
EBITDA USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       9,261 10,916 10,305 12,295 10,555              
Depreciation USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       1,391 1,228 1,303 1,392 1,469              
EBIT USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       7,745 9,553 8,823 9,070 7,324              
Net Financing Cost USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       881 979 1,007 1,052 1,183              
Financing Cost USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       885 921 981 1,122 1,218   ... ... ... ... ... ...
Financing Income USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       3.60 7.00 4.00 37.0 17.7   ... ... ... ... ... ...
FX (Gain) Loss USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       0 26.0 5.00 -48.0 -2.70   ... ... ... ... ... ...
(Income) / Loss from Affiliates USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... -152 -154 -117   ... ... ... ... ... ...
Extraordinary Cost USD mil ... ... ... ... ...       ...               0 0 0 0 0   ... ... ... ... ... ...
Pre-Tax Profit USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       6,866 8,574 7,816 8,018 6,141              
Tax USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       2,180 3,381 1,892 1,993 1,410              
Minorities USD mil ... ... ... ... ...     ... ...               0 0 0 0 0              
Net Profit USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       4,687 5,192 5,924 6,025 4,731              
Net Profit Avail. to Common USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       4,687 5,192 5,924 6,025 4,731              
Dividends USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       3,058 3,100 3,256 3,582 3,753              
growth rates                                                        
Total Revenue Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ...                     -3.11 -7.32 -6.85 0.501 -10.1              
Operating Cost Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ...                     -2.61 -31.6 45.9 8.74 8.13   ... ... ... ... ... ...
Staff Cost Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ...   ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
EBITDA Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ...                     6.43 17.9 -5.60 19.3 -14.2              
EBIT Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ...                     8.38 23.3 -7.64 2.80 -19.2              
Pre-Tax Profit Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ...                     4.73 24.9 -8.83 2.58 -23.4              
Net Profit Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ...                     3.47 10.8 14.1 1.71 -21.5              
ratios                                                        
ROE % ... ... ... ... ...                       192 -190 -124 -83.3 -59.0              
ROA % ... ... ... ... ...                       13.6 16.0 17.8 15.0 9.45              
ROCE % ... ... ... ... ...                       16.8 18.4 19.9 16.0 10.2              
Gross Margin % ... ... ... ... ...                       48.4 54.4 61.1 63.7 63.7              
EBITDA Margin % ... ... ... ... ...                       37.6 47.8 48.5 57.5 55.0              
EBIT Margin % ... ... ... ... ...                       31.5 41.9 41.5 42.5 38.1              
Net Margin % ... ... ... ... ...                       19.0 22.8 27.9 28.2 24.6              
Payout Ratio % ... ... ... ... ...                       65.3 59.7 55.0 59.4 79.3              
Cost of Financing % ... ... ... ... ...                       3.53 3.32 3.24 2.85 2.46   ... ... ... ... ... ...
Net Debt/EBITDA ... ... ... ... ...                       2.67 2.48 2.93 3.79 4.55              
balance sheet Unit 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
balance sheet                                                        
Cash & Cash Equivalents USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               1,223 2,464 866 899 3,449              
Receivables USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       1,474 1,976 2,442 2,224 2,110              
Inventories USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       58.9 58.8 51.1 50.2 51.1              
Other ST Assets USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       2,092 828 695 385 633              
Current Assets USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       4,849 5,327 4,053 3,558 6,243              
Property, Plant & Equipment USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       21,258 22,448 22,843 37,421 38,786              
LT Investments & Receivables USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       0 0 0 0 0              
Intangible Assets USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       2,337 2,380 2,332 2,677 2,773              
Goodwill USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       2,337 2,380 2,332 2,677 2,773              
Non-Current Assets USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       26,175 28,477 28,758 43,953 46,384              
Total Assets USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       31,024 33,804 32,811 47,511 52,627              
                                                           
Trade Payables USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       756 925 1,208 988 741              
Short-Term Debt USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       77.2 0 0 680 2,945              
Other ST Liabilities USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       963 290 264 254 260              
Current Liabilities USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       3,468 2,891 2,974 3,621 6,181              
Long-Term Debt USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       25,879 29,536 31,075 46,876 48,518              
Other LT Liabilities USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       3,881 4,645 5,021 5,224 5,752              
Non-Current Liabilities USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       29,760 34,181 36,096 52,100 54,271              
Liabilities USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       33,228 37,072 39,070 55,721 60,452              
Preferred Equity and Hybrid Capital USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       0 0 0 0 0              
Share Capital USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       6,775 7,089 7,393 7,671 7,920              
Treasury Stock USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       52,109 56,504 61,529 66,329 67,066              
Equity Before Minority Interest USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       -2,204 -3,268 -6,258 -8,210 -7,825              
Minority Interest USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       0 0 0 0 0              
Equity USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       -2,204 -3,268 -6,258 -8,210 -7,825              
growth rates                                                        
Total Asset Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ...                     -18.2 8.96 -2.94 44.8 10.8              
Shareholders' Equity Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ...                     -131 48.3 91.5 31.2 -4.69              
Net Debt Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ...                     50.5 9.46 11.6 54.4 2.91              
Total Debt Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ...                     7.60 13.8 5.21 53.0 8.22              
ratios                                                        
Total Debt USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       25,956 29,536 31,075 47,556 51,463              
Net Debt USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       24,732 27,073 30,209 46,658 48,014              
Working Capital USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       777 1,110 1,285 1,286 1,420              
Capital Employed USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       26,952 29,587 30,043 45,239 47,804              
Net Debt/Equity % ... ... ... ... ...                       -1,122 -828 -483 -568 -614              
Current Ratio ... ... ... ... ...                       1.40 1.84 1.36 0.983 1.01              
Quick Ratio ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               0.778 1.54 1.11 0.862 0.899              
cash flow Unit 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
cash flow                                                        
Net Profit USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       4,687 5,192 5,924 6,025 4,731              
Depreciation USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       1,391 1,228 1,303 1,392 1,469              
Non-Cash Items USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       -310 -24.0 33.1 180 -4.60              
Change in Working Capital USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       167 -981 -473 299 -212              
Total Cash From Operations USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       6,060 5,551 6,967 8,122 6,265              
                                                           
Capital Expenditures USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               -763 885 -2,051 -1,902 -1,537              
Net Change in LT Investment USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       0 0 0 0 0   ... ... ... ... ... ...
Net Cash From Acquisitions USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               -110 -77.0 -102 -541 -66.1   ... ... ... ... ... ...
Other Investing Activities USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       -110 -246 -303 -629 57.4              
Total Cash From Investing USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       -982 562 -2,455 -3,071 -1,546              
                                                           
Dividends Paid USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       -3,058 -3,089 -3,256 -3,582 -3,753              
Issuance Of Shares USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       -10,872 -4,229 -4,805 -4,626 -612              
Issuance Of Debt USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       2,670 2,028 2,131 3,236 2,238              
Other Financing Activities USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       -3.00 -20.5 -20.0 -23.5 -122   ... ... ... ... ... ...
Total Cash From Financing USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       -11,262 -5,311 -5,950 -4,995 -2,249              
                                                           
Effect of FX Rates USD mil ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               -104 264 -160 -23.7 80.2   ... ... ... ... ... ...
Net Change In Cash USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       -6,288 1,066 -1,598 32.5 2,551              
ratios                                                        
Days Sales Outstanding days ... ... ... ... ...                       21.9 31.6 41.9 38.0 40.1              
Days Sales Of Inventory days ... ... ... ... ...                       1.69 2.06 2.26 2.36 2.67              
Days Payable Outstanding days ... ... ... ... ...                       21.7 32.4 53.3 46.5 38.8              
Cash Conversion Cycle days ... ... ... ... ...                       1.82 1.24 -9.16 -6.12 4.02              
Cash Earnings USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       6,077 6,420 7,227 7,418 6,200              
Free Cash Flow USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       5,078 6,113 4,512 5,051 4,719              
Capital Expenditures (As % of Sales) % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...               3.10 -3.88 9.65 8.90 8.00              
other ratios Unit 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
                                                         
Employees ... ... ... ... ...         ... ... ... ... ...     375,000 235,000 210,000 205,000 200,000   ... ... ... ... ... ...
Cost Per Employee USD per month ... ... ... ... ...     ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Cost Per Employee (Local Currency) USD per month ... ... ... ... ...     ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Operating Cost (As % of Sales) % ... ... ... ... ...                       17.0 12.5 19.6 21.2 25.5   ... ... ... ... ... ...
Research & Development (As % of Sales) % ... ... ... ... ...   ... ... ...               0 0 0 0 0   ... ... ... ... ... ...
Staff Cost (As % of Sales) % ... ... ... ... ...     ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
Effective Tax Rate % ... ... ... ... ...                       31.7 39.4 24.2 24.9 23.0              
Total Revenue Growth (5-year average) % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...             -1.83 -3.71 -5.43 -4.88 -5.45              
Total Revenue Growth (10-year average) % ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...   1.65 0.015 -1.01 -0.624 -2.23              
valuation Unit 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027
                                                         
Market Capitalisation USD mil                                 99,725 136,680 136,214 147,476 159,948              
Enterprise Value (EV) USD mil ... ... ... ... ...                       124,457 163,753 166,423 194,134 207,962              
Number Of Shares mil                                 861 816 786 765 750              
Share Price USD                                 107 155 164 187 209              
EV/EBITDA ... ... ... ... ...                       13.4 15.0 16.2 15.8 19.7              
Price/Earnings (P/E)                                 19.7 24.4 21.8 23.8 33.1              
Price/Cash Earnings (P/CE) ... ... ... ... ...                       15.2 19.8 17.9 19.3 25.2              
P/FCF ... ... ... ... ...                       18.2 20.7 28.6 28.4 33.2              
Price/Book Value (P/BV) ... ... ... ... ...                       -41.9 -38.8 -20.6 -17.5 -20.0              
Dividend Yield %                                 3.37 2.46 2.55 2.52 2.42              
Free Cash Flow Yield % ... ... ... ... ...                       5.09 4.47 3.31 3.42 2.95              
Earnings Per Share (EPS) USD                                 5.44 6.37 7.54 7.88 6.31              
Cash Earnings Per Share USD ... ... ... ... ...                       7.06 7.87 9.20 9.70 8.27              
Free Cash Flow Per Share USD ... ... ... ... ...                       5.90 7.50 5.74 6.60 6.29              
Book Value Per Share USD ... ... ... ... ...                       -2.56 -4.01 -7.97 -10.7 -10.4              
Dividend Per Share USD                                 3.61 3.83 4.19 4.73 5.04              
EV/Sales ... ... ... ... ...                       5.05 7.18 7.83 9.09 10.8              
EV/EBIT ... ... ... ... ...                       16.1 17.1 18.9 21.4 28.4              
EV/Free Cash Flow ... ... ... ... ...                       24.5 26.8 36.9 38.4 44.1              
EV/Capital Employed ... ... ... ... ...                       4.62 5.53 5.54 4.29 4.35              
Earnings Per Share Growth % ...                               13.3 17.1 18.4 4.51 -19.9              
Cash Earnings Per Share Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ...                     11.7 11.6 16.9 5.41 -14.8              
Book Value Per Share Growth % ... ... ... ... ... ...                     -134 56.6 98.8 34.7 -2.81              

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McDonald's's Capital Expenditures fell 13.0% yoy to USD 1,738 mil in 2021

By Helgi Analytics - May 11, 2022

McDonald's invested a total of USD 1,738 mil in 2021, up 13% compared to the previous year. Historically, between 2009 - 2021, the company's investments stood at a high of USD 2,655 mil in 2012 and a low of USD -885 mil in 2017. ...

McDonald's's Net Margin rose 31.9% yoy to 32.5% in 2021

By Helgi Analytics - May 11, 2022

McDonald's made a net profit of USD 7,545 mil with revenues of USD 23,223 mil in 2021, up by 59.5% and up by 20.9%, respectively, compared to the previous year. This translates into a net margin of 32.5%. Historically, between 2005 and 2021, th...

McDonald's's ROCE rose 55.5% yoy to 15.8% in 2021

By Helgi Analytics - May 11, 2022

McDonald's made a net profit of USD 7,545 mil in 2021, up 59.5% compared to the previous year. Historically, between 2005 and 2021, the company's net profit reached a high of USD 7,545 mil in 2021 and a low of USD 2,395 mil in 2007. The result implie...

McDonald's's Net Debt/EBITDA fell 28.8% yoy to 3.24 in 2021

By Helgi Analytics - May 11, 2022

McDonald's's net debt stood at USD 44,640 mil and accounted for -970% of equity at the end of 2021. The ratio is down 357 pp compared to the previous year. Historically, the firm’s net debt to equity reached a high of 232% in 2015 and a low ...

McDonald's's P/FCF fell 13.4% yoy to 28.7 in 2021

By Helgi Analytics - May 11, 2022

McDonald's stock traded at USD 267 per share at the end 2021 translating into a market capitalization of USD 199,712 mil. Since the end of 2016, the stock has appreciated by 149% representing an annual average growth of 20.0%. At the end of 2021, th...

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Finance

McDonald's has been growing its sales by 3.31% a year on average in the last 5 years. EBITDA has grown on average by 4.68% a year during that time to total of USD 15,386 mil in 2027, or 55.4% of sales. That’s compared to 54.8% average margin seen in last five years.

The company netted USD 9,617 mil in 2027 implying ROE of 170% and ROCE of 17.8%. Again, the average figures were -15.9% and 17.2%, respectively when looking at the previous 5 years.

McDonald's’s net debt amounted to USD 44,700 mil at the end of 2027, or 587% of equity. When compared to EBITDA, net debt was 2.91x, down when compared to average of 3.12x seen in the last 5 years.

Valuation

McDonald's stock traded at USD 246 per share at the end of 2027 resulting in a market capitalization of USD 184,943 mil. Over the previous five years, stock price grew by 0% or 0% a year on average. The closing price put stock at a 12-month trailing EV/EBITDA of 14.9x and price to earnings (PE) of 19.2x as of 2027.